Info Resources

Sunscreen Regulations

FDA Opens Dialogue on ‘Nano’ Regulation.
http://www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm258462.htm

Questions and Answers: FDA announces new requirements for over-the-counter (OTC) sunscreen products marketed in the U.S.
http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/ResourcesForYou/Consumers/BuyingUsingMedicineSafely/UnderstandingOver-the-CounterMedicines/ucm258468.htm

Sunscreen: The FDA has announced significant changes to sunscreen products that will help consumers decide how to buy and use sunscreen, and allow them to more effectively protect themselves and their families from sun-induced damage.
http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/ResourcesForYou/Consumers/BuyingUsingMedicineSafely/UnderstandingOver-the-CounterMedicines/ucm239463.htm

Sunscreen Studies

Dusza. Prospective Study of Sunburn and Sun Behavior Patterns During Adolescence.
http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/01/18/peds.2011-0104.abstract

Diaz. The Children and Sunscreen Study. A Crossover Trial Investigating Children’s Sunscreen Application Thickness and the Influence of Age and Dispenser Type.
http://archderm.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/archdermatol.2011.2586

Godar. Solar UV doses of adult Americans and vitamin D3 production.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3256341/?tool=pubmed

Reichrath. The challenge resulting from positive and negative effects of sunlight: how much solar UV exposure is appropriate to balance between risks of vitamin D deficiency and skin cancer?
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16603232

Diffey. The FDA final rule on labeling and effectiveness testing of sunscreens: too little, too late?
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22177641

Wang. Current status of the sunscreen regulation in the United States: 2011 Food and Drug Administration’s final rule on labeling and effectiveness testing. (Limited access)
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21821312

Xiang. UVA-induced protection of skin through the induction of heme oxygenase-1.
http://www.biosciencetrends.com/getabstract.php?id=475

Desotelle. The Circadian Control of Skin and Cutaneous Photodamage.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22277067

Heckman. Beliefs and intentions for skin protection and UV exposure in young adults.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22251761

Hawkes. A randomized controlled trial of a theory-based intervention to improve sun protective behavior in adolescents (“You can still be HOT in the shade”): study protocol.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3267687/?tool=pubmed

Schalka. Sun protection factor: meaning and controversies.
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962011000300013&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en

Lin. Behavioral Counseling to Prevent Skin Cancer: Systematic Evidence Review to Update the 2003 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21542545

Hemmerle. An electron microscopical approach to efficacy screening of physical sunscreens.
http://journal.scconline.org/pdf/cc1996/cc047n02/p00059-p00072.pdf

Castanedo-Cazares A simple measure for applying sunscreen while on holidays.
http://dermatology.cdlib.org/93/letters/sunscreen/castanedo.html

Teichmann. Investigation of the homogeneity of the distribution of sunscreen formulations on the human skin: characterization and comparison of two different methods.
http://www.biblioscreen.helioscreen.fr/Documents%20helioscreen/JBO2006.pdf

Sunscreen Properties

Shining Light on Ultraviolet Radiation.
http://www.skincancer.org/prevention/uva-and-uvb/shining-light-on-ultraviolet-radiation

Understanding UVA and UVB.
See table at: http://www.skincancer.org/prevention/uva-and-uvb/understanding-uva-and-uvb

Characterizing Nanoparticles in Sunscreen Samples.
http://www.dtsc.ca.gov/TechnologyDevelopment/Nanotechnology/upload/ICEMN-june-2120114.pdf

Hemmerle photos. An electron microscopical approach to efficacy screening of physical sunscreens.
http://journal.scconline.org/pdf/cc1996/cc047n02/p00059-p00072.pdf

Teichmann scans of uniformity.
Investigation of the homogeneity of the distribution of sunscreen formulations on the human skin: characterization and comparison of two different methods.
http://www.biblioscreen.helioscreen.fr/Documents%20helioscreen/JBO2006.pdf

Sunscreen Prevention

Prevention Guidelines.
http://www.skincancer.org/prevention

Understanding UVA and UVB.
http://www.skincancer.org/prevention/uva-and-uvb/understanding-uva-and-uvb

Sunscreen Application.
http://www.aptf.com.au/sunscreenapplication

How a sunscreen works.
http://www.aptf.com.au/howsunscreenwork

Additional References

Skin Cancer Foundation
http://www.skincancer.org/

National Cancer Institute – Skin Cancer Information
http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/skin

Academy of Dermatology
http://www.aad.org/American

The American Society of Plastic Surgeons
http://www.plasticsurgery.org/

The American Society for Laser Medicine and Surgery
http://www.aslms.org/

The American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
http://www.surgery.org/

The EPA SunWise Program
http://www.epa.gov/sunwise/uvradiation.html

The FDA Aims to Upgrade Sunscreen Labeling
http://www.fda.gov/consumer/updates/sunscreen082307.html

Studies

Wound dressing components degrade proteins detrimental to wound healing
http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/fulltext/121414127/PDFSTART
Authors: Brett Baskovich, Edith M. Sampson, Gregory S. Schultz, Laura KS Parnell
International Wound Journal, 2008;5:543-551